Inhabitants

galicia2

Population 2017: 2,708,339 inhabitants

Population density: 91 inhabitants/km²

Largest cities (inhabitants):

A Coruña: 244,099
Ferrol: 67,569
Lugo: 97,995
Ourense: 105,636
Pontevedra: 82,671
Santiago de Compostela: 96,456
Vigo: 292,986

Official languages: Galician and Spanish.

Both languages are used indistinctly by the local population. The similarity between Galician and Portuguese facilitates communication with the Portuguese-speaking world, with a population of nearly 200 million people.
 
The personality of the Galician people is marked by three basic factors:
 
Their Celtic origins, with numerous cultural and archaeological similarities with other Celtic peoples such as the Irish, Scottish or Bretons.
 
Since the middle ages, the ancient Way of St. James has served as a constant source of culture and contact with Europe. Today it continues to attract millions of pilgrims, who travel to the region for religious reasons or purely for enjoyment.
 
Emigration at the end of the nineteenth century and during the twentieth century to the Americas and Europe marked one of the most dramatic aspects of the history of Galicia, at the same time as serving as an example of globalisation and human solidarity.
 
Today there are still more than two hundred and fifty beneficial, health, recreational, educational and business associations throughout the whole of America and Europe, for more than two million Galicians or their descendants, comprising a human, cultural and linguistic capital that facilitates cooperation with Galician enterprises.
 
These three aspects are considered to be the most typical facets of the Galician people: their creative, welcoming and supportive spirit, hard-working nature and their prudent approach towards business matters.